Treatment

Trench Foot Poster

Trench foot and Frostbite epidemic in the ETO

The US Army in the European Theater of Operations (ETO) faced a tragic epidemic in the fall and winter of 1944/1945. Casualty numbers in this epidemic range from 46,000 – 71,000 soldiers (depending on whether only “pure” cold injury casualties are counted or casualties with other medical problems AND cold injury are counted). If we …

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Blood plasma treatment for shock

Shock treatment in the US Army during WW2. Part 1: Shock and plasma.

Shock is a life-threatening condition caused by failure of blood circulation, causing inadequate oxygen delivery to the tissues and cells of the body. The effects of shock are initially reversible, but can rapidly become irreversible, resulting in multiorgan failure and death. There are several possible causes and we now recognize different types of shock: septic …

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Company C Clearing Station- Normandy

Medical Evacuation and Treatment Series. Part 5: Medical Battalion.

When a casualty’s injury warranted evacuation from the battalion aid station/casualty collecting point, and the treatment he had received had stabilized his situation enough for him to be transportable, he would enter the second echelon of the Chain of Evacuation. The second echelon was the responsibility of the medical battalion. Just as all the medical …

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Battalion Aid Station Sign 37th Tank Battalion

Medical Evacuation and Treatment Series. Part 4: Battalion Aid Station.

First echelon evacuation meant getting the casualties away from the front line, as quickly as the tactical situation allowed, to a battalion aid station. Here, they would be seen by a doctor for the first time after being wounded. “Soon after dawn, we began to receive casualties, many of whom were severely wounded. The aid …

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Evacuation Lorraine

Medical Evacuation and Treatment Series. Part 3: First echelon evacuation.

After being wounded, a casualty received first aid (Part I). Emergency medical treatment was then started by a company aid man (Part II). Now it was time to get the casualty away from the front as quickly as possible. This evacuation followed the links of the Evacuation Chain. In this part, I will take a …

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